A. God’s Abandonment, Rule, and Praise of Israel (vv.1-5)
B. Public Spectacle (vv.6-8)
C. God’s Covenantal Responsibilities (vv.9-11)
C’. Abandonment and Prayer for Covenantal Favor (vv.12-21)
B’. Public Praise (vv.22-24)
A’. God’s Presence and Rule: The Praise of Israel and the Nations (vv.25-31)
(VanGemeren, Expositors Bible Commentary)
THE LORD’S ABANDONMENT AND CHRIST’S TEMPORAL DEFEAT
THE LORD’S ADORATION AND CHRIST’S ETERNAL VICTORY
No Christian can read this without being vividly confronted with the crucifixion. It is not only a matter of prophecy minutely fulfilled, but of the sufferer’s humility – there is no plea for vengeance – and his vision of a world-wide ingathering of the Gentiles (Derek Kidner).
Martin Luther, Ulrich Zwingli, John Calvin, Zacharias Ursinus (contributor/writer of the Heidelberg Catechism), among many others accepted that there is a “seed” of regeneration and faith, to use Calvin’s term, in infancy. For example, infant regeneration is explicit in the case of John the Baptist (Luke 1:39–44). Infant faith is set forth in Psa 22:9: Also, Psalm 71:5–6 says, “For You are my hope; O Lord God, You are my confidence from my youth. By You I have been sustained from my birth; You are He who took me from my mother’s womb; My praise is continually of You.”
Deuteronomy 3:11 - (For only Og king of Bashan was left of the remnant of the Rephaim. Behold, his bedstead was an iron bedstead; it is in Rabbah of the sons of Ammon. Its length was nine cubits and its width four cubits by ordinary cubit.)
Joshua 12:4 - and the territory of Og king of Bashan, one of the remnant of Rephaim, who lived at Ashtaroth and at Edrei,
“There were giants [nephilim] on the earth in those days, and also afterward, when the sons of God came in to the daughters of men and they bore children to them. Those were the mighty men who were of old, men of renown ”(Genesis )
Bulls of Bashan may refer to Demonic Powers associated with this place;
Matthew 12:29 - Or how can one enter a strong man’s house and plunder his goods, unless he first binds the strong man? And then he will plunder his house.
Colossians 2:15 - Having disarmed principalities and powers, He made a public spectacle of them, triumphing over them in it.