From Sabbath to Lord's Day
Part 4 of the series, "The Resurrection, Ascension and Kingdom" - Leviticus 23:2-7 'The feasts of the LORD, which you shall proclaim to be holy convocations, these are My feasts. 'Six days shall work be done, but the seventh day is a Sabbath of solemn rest, a holy convocation. You shall do no work on it; it is the Sabbath of the LORD in all your dwellings. 1 Cor. 5:8 - Let us therefore celebrate the feast, not with old leaven, nor with the leaven of malice and wickedness, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth. Luke 22:19 - This is My body which is given for you; do this in remembrance of Me. The Sabbath: Celebration on the Seventh Day - The sabbath, like Passover, Tabernacles, Pentecost, etc. was a feast. Jewish sabbath observance included worship in convocations or congregations and a spiritual discipline, Remember the Sabbath Day... They remember release from slavery (Deu. 5). In the tabernacle and temple worship, after a purification and ascension offering comes the peace offering, a meal which was eaten by the worshiper in fellowship with God and His people. The language of eating and drinking Christ (as in the Lord's Supper), comes from these sacrificial meals (Deut. 27:7). Further, the expectation of something new comes on the eighth day (e.g., circumcision, Pentecost, Tabernacles and many priestly cleansing rites culminate on the eighth day). The Lord's Day: Celebration on the Eighth Day - With millennia of sabbatical celebrations in mind, St. Paul says we celebrate the Feast because Christ is our Passover (1 Cor. 5:7-8). But when? The term for Lord's day (Kuriakos) (literally Lord's) is used only twice: the Lord's day (Rev. 1:10) and the Lord's Supper (kuriakos deipnon, 1 Cor. 11:20). However, after Jesus met with them on the first day of the week, the disciples also continued to meet on then (Acts 20:7). When Jesus instituted His new passover supper, He said, Do this in remembrance of Me (Luke 22:19). This command, fully uncovered, means that Jesus called His disciples to remember His work of redemption, the antitype of the Exodus. However, His work of redemption was not complete until the first day of the week the eighth day, the day of new creation. All of this we do because Christ's resurrection is the first fruits of a new creation now present in the world and grasped by faith.
Gregg Strawbridge, Ph.D., is the pastor of All Saints Church in Lancaster, PA. He became a committed follower of Jesus Christ at age 20, discipled in the context of a University Navigator Ministry. As a result of personal discipleship he went on to study at Columbia Biblical Seminary (M.A., Columbia, SC, 1990), as well as a Ph.D. in education and philosophy... read more
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