The Trinity (01) - The Doctrine

Date: 6/11/2017
More audio from All Saints Church
Type: Sunday Sermon
Topic: Trinty
Organization: All Saints
Price: FREE

Matthew 28:16ff - But the eleven disciples proceeded to Galilee, to the mountain which Jesus had designated. 17 When they saw Him, they worshiped Him; but some were doubtful. 18 And Jesus came up and spoke to them, saying, “All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth. 19 “Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit, 20 teaching them to observe all that I commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age.”

Mark 1:10–11 - Immediately coming up out of the water, He saw the heavens opening, and the Spirit like a dove descending upon Him; 11 and a voice came out of the heavens: “You are My beloved Son, in You I am well-pleased.”

John 1:1 - In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2 He was in the beginning with God.

John 1:14 - And the Word became flesh, and dwelt among us, and we saw His glory, glory as of the only begotten from the Father, full of grace and truth.

John 1:18 - No one has seen God at any time; the only begotten God who is in the bosom of the Father, He has explained Him.

John 14:26 - “But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in My name, He will teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance all that I said to you.

John 17:5 “Now, Father, glorify Me together with Yourself, with the glory which I had with You before the world was.

Scripture and orthodox creeds teach the doctrine of the Trinity, namely that the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are three persons in one divine essence. There is one God consisting in three eternal persons, but they are not three eternal separate beings. The Athanasian Creed (sixth century) says, “That we worship one God in Trinity, and Trinity in Unity; Neither confounding the Persons; nor dividing the Essence. For there is one Person of the Father; another of the Son; and another of the Holy Ghost. But the Godhead of the Father, of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, is all one; the Glory equal, the Majesty coeternal.” The WCF (1647) says, “In the unity of the Godhead there be three Persons of one substance, power, and eternity: God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Ghost. The Father is of none, neither begotten nor proceeding; the Son is eternally begotten of the Father; the Holy Ghost eternally proceeding from the Father and the Son” (WCF II.3).

From the very first verse of John’s Gospel we are taught that Jesus is the divine Son who is truly God in His eternal nature, while this truth is more subtly expressed in the Synoptic Gospels (Mk. 1:10; Matt. 28:20). The culmination of Matthew’s gospel is the recognition of the mission of the Church, to baptize the nations in the Triune name (Mt. 28:18-20). The moment Jesus appears in history, at the same time the Spirit descends upon Him (John 1:32). In the rich banquet of John 3, the Spirit will be sent by Jesus and is the cause of the new birth, the new age (to come). In chapter 4, God is Spirit. In the marvelous Bread of Life discourse, it is the Spirit that gives life (John 6:63). At the feast of tabernacles (focusing on the giving of the revelation of the Law), Jesus promises to send the Spirit as a river of life (7:39). Even more, throughout that final discourse in the upper room, the relationships of Father, Son, and Spirit coalesce as the model of the disciples future mission and life of fellowship (chs. 14-17).

Gregg Strawbridge Gregg Strawbridge, Ph.D., is the pastor of All Saints Church in Lancaster, PA. He became a committed follower of Jesus Christ at age 20, discipled in the context of a University Navigator Ministry. As a result of personal discipleship he went on to study at Columbia Biblical Seminary (M.A., Columbia, SC, 1990), as well as receive a Ph.D. in education and philosophy... read more