All Saints Day and the Kingdom
Psalm 110 - The Lord says to my Lord: “Sit at My right hands, Until I make Your enemies a footstool for Your feet.” 2 The Lord will stretch forth Your strong scepter from Zion, saying, “Rule in the midst of Your enemies.” 3 Your people will volunteer freely in the day of Yourpower; In holy array, from the womb of the dawn, Your youth are to You as the dew. 4 The Lord has sworn and will not change His mind, “You are a priest forever, According to the order of Melchizedek.”
5 The Lord is at Your right hand; He will shatter kings in the day of His wrath.
6 He will judge among the nations, He will fill them with corpses, He will shatter the chief men over a broad country. 7 He will drink from the brook by the wayside; Therefore He will lift up His head.
For All the Saints . . .
Pilgrim's Progress . . .
Psalm 110 Exposition - The first verse of Psalm 110 is directly quoted or referred to at least 21 times in the New Testament—more than any other Hebrew Scripture verse. Including references to the later verses of the psalm in Hebrews (Heb. 5:6, 7:17, 7:21, 5:10, 6:20, 7:11, 7:15), it is cited at least 28 times in the New Testament. Why so? Because the Apostles concluded that the Ascension of Jesus was the direct fulfillment of this Psalm. For example, on the Day of Pentecost Peter preached: "This Jesus God raised up, and of that we all are witnesses. Being therefore exalted at the right hand of God, and having received from the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, he has poured out this that you yourselves are seeing and hearing. For David did not ascend into the heavens . . .’" (Acts 2:32–35). Paul wrote, "For He must reign until He has put all His enemies under His feet. The last enemy that will be abolished is death" (1Cor. 15:25-26). This means that Jesus is reigning from the right hand of the Father. He will subdue all of His enemies and then will come the Resurrection at the end of history. In the mean time the Kingdom advances as people "volunteer freely in the day of Your power" through the grace offered in the gospel. There are so many, His "youth" are like counting the drops of "dew" on the grass. This King is a priest like Melchizedek who gives bread and wine. The language about shattering kings and corpses is simply the picture of overwhelming victory (vv 5-6, e.g., all His enemies under His feet). But there is another allusion in the final verse to the way He wins the battle. "He will drink from the brook by the wayside; Therefore He will lift up His head." This is an allusion to the 300 men chosen by Gideon who drank standing from their hands (rather than kneeling) (Jdg. 8). He only selected 300 because God wanted to show His power, rather than letting the victory be due to a large army (Jdg. 7:2). So it is with Christ's reign and His victory through the gospel. It is not through the might and power of men that Christ's enemies fall and the kingdom advances.
Conclusion - To many today who get their prophecy notes from CNN, this is unbelievable. How could Jesus currently subdue His enemies? They expect a perfectionistic kingdom, rather than a redemptive one. Yet His rule requires the death of a glory-stealing Herod (with worms, no less, Acts 12:23), or vengeance on a Lamb-less Temple (Mk. 13:2), or the desolation of a Christ-rejecting Jerusalem (Mt. 23:38). The blessedness of His reign, however, is that He also conquers His enemies with the gospel of grace. He calls a Christless Pharisee like Saul to be the Christ-filled Paul, the very apostle to the Gentiles he once despised. He causes us who were once hostile in nature toward God to “volunteer freely in the day of [His] power” (Ps. 110:3, Mt. 28:19-20). Jesus is Lord and so “the earth will be full of the knowledge of the LORD as the waters cover the sea” (Is. 11:9). Thus, we expect the general and universal advancement of the kingdom by means of the gospel with a final consummation of this victory at His coming when even death will be utterly and completely abolished. Maranatha!