Proof of the Bible from the Transfiguration (2 Peter 1:16-18)

Date: 2/23/2020
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“For we did not follow cleverly devised tales when we made known to you the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but we were eyewitnesses of His majesty. 17 For when He received honor and glory from God the Father, such an utterance as this was made to Him by the Majestic Glory, “This is My beloved Son with whom I am well-pleased” 18 and we ourselves heard this utterance made from heaven when we were with Him on the holy mountain.” - 2 Peter 1:16-18

Understanding the connection between the Transfiguration and fulfilled prophecy of Jesus (as Scripture).
1) Transfiguration of Jesus:  
a) Glimpse of future glory of resurrection-ascension (seeing the kingdom coming)

Luke explains, “Some eight days after these sayings, He took along Peter and John and James, and went up on the mountain to pray.”  Eight days suggests a new creation and resurrection allusion (John 20:26; Mark 16:9; Luke 24:1) - i.e., 1st equals 8th in a seven-day calendar. The Transfiguration certainly shows Jesus in Resurrection glory. Dazzling whiteness is an image of God's glory cloud and final glorification in the Resurrection. It is reminiscent of Daniel’s vision of the Son of Man (Daniel 7:9).

b) Gauntlet of future Exodus, the true and final exodus
Moses and Elijah represent the two outstanding old covenant leaders who had direct visions of God. Moses and Elijah were the servants of this final Tabernacle/Temple manifest in the Transfigured/Metamorphosized Jesus. Moses and Elijah also are both involved in an exodus. This is what Luke 9:31 says, Jesus, Moses, and Elijah “were speaking of His departure (exodos in Greek) which He was about to accomplish at Jerusalem.” What was the exodus to which they were referring?

2) Truth of Jesus:
a) Peter points to the Scriptural promise of the judgment coming on Jerusalem (Mt. 24) and urges his readers not to deny the promise of this coming.
2 Peter 3:4 “Where is the promise of His coming?
This coming is near to Peter in time and attributed to Jesus.
2 Peter 3:2 that you should remember the words spoken beforehand by the holy prophets and the commandment of the Lord and Savior spoken by your apostles (i.e., Mt 24; Mk 13; Lk 21).

2 Peter Outline
A. Fruitfulness in knowledge of Christ, 1:1–11  (“be diligent,” 1:10, 15; 3:14) “knowledge” (1:2, 3, 6, 8; 3:18)?  B. Reminder of the power and coming of Christ, 1:12–21 “know this first of all” (1:20; 3:3), “day” (1:19; 3:12) and the “coming” of Jesus (1:16; 3:4).
    C. False prophets, 2:1–3  “sensuality” (2:3, 18), apostasy (2:1, 20–22),and false words or heresies (2:1, 18 “way” or “path” to describe a manner of living (2:2, 15),
      D. God knows how to protect the righteous, 2:4–10a
    C'. False teachers, 2:10b–22
  B'. Reminder of the day of the lord, 3:1–13
A'. Encouragement to perseverance, 3:14–18 (Leithart, Commentary on 2 Peter).
Scripture proven by events unpredictable coming to pass

b) Truth in Scripture bound up in eyewitness testimony
The most demonstrable point is that Peter (James and John) are eyewitness (court of law) to the final glory, ascended manifestation of the risen Jesus (Dan. 7:9). Jesus promised this kind of manifestation in His trial (citing Dan. 7:9 and Ps. 110:1).  And so the NT is God’s Word. Jesus fulfilled His promise in 70 AD.

Gregg Strawbridge Gregg Strawbridge, Ph.D., is the pastor of All Saints Church in Lancaster, PA. He became a committed follower of Jesus Christ at age 20, discipled in the context of a University Navigator Ministry. As a result of personal discipleship he went on to study at Columbia Biblical Seminary (M.A., Columbia, SC, 1990), as well as receive a Ph.D. in education and philosophy... read more