The Advent of Jesus our Priest-King-Prophet (Isaiah 11:1-10)
The Priestly-King from David (vv 1-5) - a) Christ fulfills the offices of Priest, King, and Prophet. After the exile, the offices of Priest and King are conjoined (eg., Make an ornate crown and set it on the head of Joshua …the high priest. …Behold, a man whose name is Branch, for He will branch out from where He is; and He will build the temple of the LORD. Zech. 6:11-14). b) In Isaiah ch. 10, the Lord brings judgment, “He shakes his fist at the mountain of the daughter Zion” and will “cut down the thickets…” Then something happens in fulfillment of God’s promise to David, “a shoot will spring” from Jesse (David’s father). God has kept his promise to put David’s heir on the throne, Messiah Jesus (cf Gen. 3:15; 2Sa. 7; 2Kgs. 25:26–30; Acts 2:30-35). c) What fleshly judges, priests, and corrupt kings could not do will be done by Messiah. He will see the heart and judge righteously and with “fairness” for the afflicted (Ex. 23, justice to the needy; Dt. 18:19-20). His Word is the very instrument of bringing justice. He is clothed with righteousness and faithfulness.
The Prophet of a New Covenant World (vv 6-10) - a) The rule of this Messiah will result in universal peace as predicted in many new covenant prophecies (Is. 9:7, Ez. 34:25, 37:26). b) The Mountain (spiritual Jerusalem) will be like Eden (Is. 51:3; 28:13-14). Isaiah pictures this by reference to natural predators vs their prey, wolf/lamb; leopard/goat; calf/lion; cow/bear; lion/ox. He finishes the image with children playing with snakes. Note: the serpent theme, paralleled in ch. 65 (Is. 65:25 - “dust will be the serpent’s food”). Because, “They will not hurt or destroy in all My holy mountain, For the earth will be full of the knowledge of the LORD . . .” c) This glorious, yet incremental fulfillment hinges upon one point, “in that day the nations will resort to the root of Jesse.” As soon as nations and men come to their own desolation (stumps), and resort the budding plant, the root of Jesse, then the peace shall avail. This is fulfilled in the gospel victory of salvation to all the nations (as is promised in Rev. 5:7-9).
Gregg Strawbridge, Ph.D., is the pastor of All Saints Church in Lancaster, PA. He became a committed follower of Jesus Christ at age 20, discipled in the context of a University Navigator Ministry. As a result of personal discipleship he went on to study at Columbia Biblical Seminary (M.A., Columbia, SC, 1990), as well as receive a Ph.D. in education and philosophy... read more